Earth Sciences Pakistan (ESP)

A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW ON UTILIZATION OF WASTE BIOMASS FOR PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS BY HYDROLYSIS AND ANAEROBIC DIGESTION USING NEOCALLIMASTIX FRONTALIS

May 15, 2024 Posted by Natasha In Earth Sciences Pakistan (ESP)

ABSTRACT

A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW ON UTILIZATION OF WASTE BIOMASS FOR PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS BY HYDROLYSIS AND ANAEROBIC DIGESTION USING NEOCALLIMASTIX FRONTALIS

Journal: Earth Sciences Pakistan (ESP)
Author: Muhammad Moazzam Ashraf *, Sara Ikram, Mudasir Hussain, Fatima SiddiquiThis is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/esp.01.2024.47.54

Bioenergy is generated from biomass by anaerobic digestion, and it is considered a sustainable solution for the globe to overcome energy demands. In Anaerobic digestion the organic material breaks in the absence of oxygen and produces biogas, initially, it produces methane and CO2. The Neocallimastix frontalis anaerobic fungi are used to break down complex organic material, helping to enhance anaerobic digestion. Neocallimastix frontalis is present in the herbivore’s rumen enhances the enzyme activity and enables the breakdown of lignocellulosic biomass. The structure of lignocellulosic is complex so it becomes a challenge for enzymatic degradation. The steam explosion pretreatment method is used for making the lignocellulosic substrates digestible. It makes the structure of lignocellulosic biomass more accessible for enzymatic breakdown and enhances microbial fermentation that helps to lead the biogas production. Anaerobic digestion produces digestate, which is a nutrient-rich fertilizer that promotes sustainable agriculture practices that produce biogas. In future, more studies are required to use Neocallimastix frontalis in anaerobic digestion process improvement. This may help not only in improving the mode of biogas production, it also used in addressing strengthening global energy and environmental issues. This involves the identification and implementation of genetic engineering technologies and advanced biotechnology techniques that promote the development, and commercialization of enzymatic profiles and biogas generation systems. Moreover, the evolution of bioreactor design, process optimization, as well as microbial engineering, are some of the developments of these technologies as such, deployment of such technologies in diverse industries. Agriculture will further complement climate change mitigation efforts and the accomplishment of sustainable development goals.

Pages 47-54
Year 2024
Issue 1
Volume 8

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