SUSTAINABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT OF AQUAPONICS SYSTEM: A REVIEW
Journal: Earth Sciences Pakistan (ESP)
Author: Muhammad Asadullah, Shahbaz Nasir Khan, Hafiz M. Safdar, Rana Ammar Aslam, Imran Shaukat
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
The world is facing soil, air and water pollution problems which may arise the soil degraded, global warming, food shortage and droughts. For our future generations we have to develop sustainable environment technologies. Many studies have addressed some scientific aspects and have been limited focus on the commercial implementation based on urban food production industrial-scale production in rural areas small scale farming is developed in different countries for education and decoration inside buildings. We must encourage the sustainable small farming as indoor fish farming which is the farming of the new millennium aquaponic is a structure of closed-loop combine the elements of hydroponics and aquaculture which could contribute the addressing these problems. This system emphasis on improvement through management and integration of the living components and the bio filter system. From trickling bio filters and plant uptake of aquaculture wastewater results in improved water and nutrients use efficiency and conversation. The challenge to sustainability centers on balancing the aquaculture system environment for the optimum growth of these organism’s maximum production outputs and minimize effluent discharges to the environment emission and might develop the future application of aquaponic for food security.