TAXONOMIC CONSIDERATION AND STRATIGRAPHIC IMPLICATION OF THE ACCELERATED EVOLUTION OF THE MAASTRICHTIAN-EOCENE TRANSITION OF TWENTY BENTHIC FORAMINIFERAL SPECIES IN THE TETHYS
Journal: Earth Sciences Pakistan (ESP)
Author: Haidar Salim Anan
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Within the Maastrichtian-Eocene transition in some localities in the Tethys, ten trends of accelerated evolution are recognized within twenty species belong to eight benthic foraminiferal genera: Siphogaudryina, Textularia, Pseudoclavulina, Pyramidulina, Frondicularia, Hopkinsina, Gyroidinoides and Angulogavelinella. Three out of the identified species are treated here to be new: Textularia haquei, Pyramidulina leroyi and Hopkinsina haquei. These lineages marked by changes in the morphology of the foraminiferal test, throughout the number, size and shape of chambers, ornamentation, size and position of aperture, suture and umbilicus. The identified Maastrichtian-Eocene species in this study are recognized in different localities in the Tethys: USA, France, Italy, Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan, UAE, Qatar and Pakistan.